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IEC TR 62834-2013 pdf IEC nanoelectronics standardization roadmap

IEC standards 11-28
IEC TR 62834-2013 pdf IEC nanoelectronics standardization roadmap

The largest part of the market of mass production equipment is in nanostructure thin film materials, as well as tools, moulds and various mechanic parts. At present, equipment companies operating worlwdie (e.g. Kobe, Cemecon, Balzers, Huazer 2 ) have developed their equipment and handled materials, processes and patents collectively. The market of nanocomposite materials is led by polymer matrix nanocomposites, with a world market size of about 5 billion – 7 billion US dollars in 2009. The market of ceramic nanocomposite materials was about 2,5 billion US dollars after 201 0. The market has shown a consistent growth trend due to continuous growth in several ten gigabyte (GB) high capacity flash memory and DRAM components. Given the vague overlapping area of existing semiconductor and nanotechnology markets, it is important to analyse characteristics, to standardize the modelling and design methodology and to obtain circuit IP based on nanoelectronic devices to address the nanotechnology market. III-V compound semiconductors including nitride-based nanostructures will be used for light- emitting diodes (LEDs), and their scope of application continues to expand, including portable appliances, LCD (liquid chrystal display) backlight, automobile lighting. The most active area is the LED market, and many players are striving to launch into the general lighting market. The LED lighting industry is expected to replace almost all lighting areas such as traffic signals, construction and automobiles as well as LCD backlighting and general lighting. In addition, development and commercialization of quantum dot light receiving devices and infrared devices are expected to bring about a revolution in the area of image sensors. Solar energy is an area that has seen double-digit growth rates due to worldwide energy issues. The flexible electronic device market is expected to grow rapidly from 1 6 million US dollars seen in 2008 to 1 ,31 4 million US dollars in 201 3.
Technology development of nanocomposite materials in the USA is conducted in the “Nanostructured material by design” program of the National Nanotechnology Initiate (NNI) announced in 2000. The U.S. Department of Defense is devoted to the development of high strength-to-weight materials, the Department of Energy, to the development of wear-resistant and corrosion-resistant ceramic nanocomposite materials, and NASA, devoted to the development of nanocomposite materials with high strength and low specific gravity (light weight) for space shuttles. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has developed ultra-light carbon nanocomposite materials with high heat resistance to replace body parts. These were manufactured with existing carbon textile and fiberglass for improved heat resistance performance and fuel savings for space shuttles. NASA attempted to dominate the world market in the area of new concept aerospace technology to be expanded in the future.